UV/Ozone treatment of PS might result in new, unwanted chemical composition of the surface. Please note that PS is very hydrophobic and that air bubbles are easily formed on the surface when working with water-based solutions. To reduce the risk of bubble formation, make sure to degas the solutions and to preheat them when working at temperatures above RT. It is also possible to pre-wet the sensor surfaces with ethanol and then replace ethanol with the water-based solution.
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3 nm coating, functionalization with a density of 1014 NHS molecules/cm2